Name of herb：Musk
Origin and Sources: The whole herb of the genus Musculus of the genus Xanthaceae. There are about 10 species of the genus Musculus worldwide. There are about 4 species in China.
Original plant: Adenosma glutinosum (L.) Druce (Adenosma grandiflorum Benth.; Adenosma caeruleum R. Br. Prodr.)
Identification: The whole herb is 20-30 cm long. root remains. Stem is about 2-4mm thick, branched, black-brown in appearance, with shallow longitudinal wrinkles, covered with sparse long hairs; firm and easily broken, hollow, slightly fibrous. Leaves extremely crinkled, black-brown above, light brown below, pilose, densely concave with glandular dots. Flowers mostly fruiting, calyx persistent, tea-brown, 5-lobed, one lobe conspicuously larger. Capsule tea-brown to yellow-brown. Strong aroma, slightly spicy and cool taste. To aromatic, no impurities for the best.
Storage: in a dry place.
Contains flavonoid glycosides, phenols, triterpenoids, volatile oil and amino acids.
Taste: pungent, warm. ①"Lingnan Caiyun Lu": "Pungent." ②"Nanning City Drug Zhi": "Pungent and slightly astringent." ③ "Guangdong Traditional Chinese Medicine": "Bitter, pungent, warm." ④The National Compilation of Chinese Herbal Medicine: "Pungent, bitter, warm."
Effects: Dispelling wind and dampness, promoting circulation and relieving pain, dispersing blood stasis and swelling, detoxifying and relieving itching.
Indications: wind-dampness and bone pain, abdominal pain with stagnation of Qi, sores and swellings, skin eczema, itching, bruises and injuries. ①"Raw Herbs and Medicinal Properties Preparation": "Dispelling wind and disinfection." ②《Lingnan Caiyun Lu》："Treating bruises and injuries, relieving swelling and pain, dispersing sores and malignant poison. Cure gas pain." ③ "Nanning City Drug Zhi": "stop bleeding, stop pain, dissipate blood stasis and swelling. Treats bruises and cuts, rheumatic sores and ulcers." ④《Guangdong Traditional Chinese Medicine》："Treats miasms in mountainous areas, water and soil, postpartum liver wind and thirst, and treats itchy skin." ⑤ "Handbook of Commonly Used Chinese Herbs", Guangzhou Army, "Dispelling wind-dampness and eliminating swelling and pain. Treats pediatric paralysis, rheumatic bone pain, wind-cold abdominal pain, poisonous snake bites, bruises and injuries, sores and swelling poison." (6) "Guangdong Traditional Chinese Medicine", "Treats skin eczema and wasp stings." (7) "National Compilation of Chinese Herbs": "Early stage of polio, cold abdominal pain, rheumatic bone pain, bruises, swelling pain, carbuncle and swelling poison, wasp stings, eczema, urticaria."
Usage and dosage: For internal use: decoction, 10-15. For external use: decoction and wash or pounding.
Selected formulae and experimental prescriptions: National Compendium of Chinese Herbal Medicine: "Treatment of dermatitis in water fields: equal amounts of musk, feiyang grass, dry lotus grass, hairy fruit abacus, black-faced leaf, two-sided needle and heartwort. The other drugs are decocted with water for 4-5 hours, filtered and dregs removed, and the 2 drugs are added to the powder and then decocted for a few moments (500g of medicine decocted into 500g of liquid is appropriate). Apply the liquid to the affected area 4 to 5 times a day."
Single application: ① "Dictionary of Chinese Medicine": "Treatment of early polio, rheumatism paralysis, abdominal pain: 9-15g of musk. decoction with water." ② "National Compilation of Chinese Herbal Medicine": "Treatment of rheumatic pain: fresh musk, decoction of water to wash the affected area." ③ "Concise Chinese Medical Dictionary": "Treatment of bruises, sores, eczema: fresh musk, pounded and applied to the affected area or decocted and washed." ④"Selected Chinese herbal medicines of Guangxi": "Treating poisonous snake bite, urticaria: fresh hair musk in appropriate amount, pounded and applied externally or decocted and washed on the affected area." ⑤《Guangdong Traditional Chinese Medicine》："Treating asthma: cut shredded net leaves of Musk, and smoke it with the rolled cigarette of Yang Jin Hua." (6) "Guangdong Traditional Chinese Medicine": "For the treatment of miasms in mountainous areas, water and soil, postpartum liver wind and thirst: 9~15g of Musculus officinalis. decoction with water."
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